Acrylic paint is a fast drying artist paint consisting of pigments mixed with acrylic binder, which can be mixed with water or other painting media to enhance different properties. We have several different versions of acrylic paint. From the classic brush type to the very fluid acrylic one, adapted for pens.
One of the world's undoubtedly most common types of paint is acrylic paint, which is also known as acrylate paint. It is used in basically all areas, from painting houses to painting with brushes and airbrushes. Otto Röhm took out the first patent for acrylic binders for paint in 1915, but it was not until sometime in the 1930s that the paints became available and began to be used in industry and construction.
''Magna'' was the name of the first series of artists' colors based on acrylics and produced by Bocour Artists Colors Inc. (paint giant Golden Artist Colors today) in the late 1940s. About a decade later, two other water-dilutable artists' paints were released by Liquitex in the US and Politec in Mexico, this after the Rohm and Haas company came up with their acrylic base Rhoplex AC-33 and the first pure acrylic paint binder.
It wasn't long before more actors were up and running and producing water-dilutable acrylic paints for both artists and painters, which was of course very welcome as it replaced previously strong solvent-based paints that were not good for the working environment etc.
It has often become the case that the colors for artists are called acrylic colors, while those for the painting industry are called acrylate colors. Acrylate paints together with others that have polymer binders in water dispersion are usually called latex paints. If you are new to acrylic paint you can read our guide on how to paint with acrylic paint.
Acrylic paint is quick-drying and has a binder of acrylic resin that binds the color pigments and is today most often diluted with water. When the water evaporates from the material and the acrylic resin particles can bind with the pigments, the paint hardens. They cannot then be dissolved with water.
On application it may look a bit milky but dries to a clear coat and may darken slightly when dry. Today, manufacturers are trying to find ways to remedy the problem of these differences. There are manufacturers with smaller shifts than others and, on the whole, that problem is much less today than before. The acrylic paint's high pigment binding capacity gives it the ability to contain a lot of pigment and fillers, without affecting its technical properties.
Acrylic paints have good adhesion to solid and clean surfaces. They resist alkalis and acids relatively well, compared to, for example, oil paint, and last a long time. As with oil paint, acrylic paint can be manipulated using different mediums, e.g. change its properties when it comes to drying time and viscosity as well as its matte/gloss.
Here are the common variants:
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